Noosa Biosphere Reserve status is a celebration of community and environment. It recognises the ongoing efforts of our community to manage Noosa’s land, waters and wildlife sustainably.
In 2007, the Noosa Shire was designated as the Noosa Biosphere Reserve by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) under its Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme. In 2018 this designation was reinstated, recognising decades of the Noosa community working together to live sustainably and in harmony with the natural environment.
Noosa was the first biosphere reserve in Queensland to achieve designation and neighbours the Great Sandy Biosphere Reserve to the north, making us the only place in the world with two conjoining biosphere reserves.
The factors that have helped shape the Noosa Biosphere Reserve include its unique natural landscape, social history, cultural traditions, government and regulatory systems as well as its political, social and economic activities.
Noosa has a rich cultural history that values the arts, culture and environment. The Noosa community respects the traditional owners of this land, the Kabi Kabi/Gubbi Gubbi people, and works closely with Elders to ensure connection to country and Indigenous knowledge continues to be shared.
Designation as a biosphere reserve reinforces Noosa’s reputation as an environmental success story. Our biosphere reserve status helps Noosa demonstrate to communities around the world how environmental protection lies at the heart of a community’s prosperity and success.
The Noosa Biosphere Reserve area
- The Noosa Biosphere Reserve is the geographical area known as the Noosa Shire plus three kilometres offshore.
- The boundary extends from Peregian Beach in the south to Kin Kin in the north and from neighbouring townships in the western hinterland to Noosa’s eastern beaches.
- The Noosa Biosphere Reserve covers approximately 150,000 hectares of freshwater/tidal and terrestrial areas.
- Noosa is one of two biosphere reserves in Queensland, with neighbouring Great Sandy Biosphere Reserve.
Features of the Noosa Biosphere
Noosa is recognised globally for its rich biodiversity surrounding and weaving through a thriving urban population.
- The total population of Noosa in 2016 was 54,033.
- Tourism is a key priority for the local economy with more than 2 million visitors to the Noosa Shire in 2016.
- Located within the MacPherson-Macleay overlap, where temperate and subtropical climate zones meet.
- Nearly 40% of its area is protected in national parks, conservation parks, State forests, lakes and systems.
- An ocean corridor important to mega marine fauna such as the 18,000 annual humpback whale migration, some resting with their calves in the region’s bay on their journey south.
- 61 distinct regional ecosystems, 8 of them are on the endangered list, 12 rated as regionally significant.
- A species-rich river and lakes system with 2 nationally important wetlands, the Noosa River and Lake Weyba.
- 2,346 different plant species, including Noosa’s floral symbol Key’s Boronia, endemic to Cooloola.
- 3,023 wildlife species, including 10 iconic species.
- 313 bird species, accounting for 44% of Australia’s total bird varieties; 35 of which are listed under international migratory bird agreements.
Vulnerable and iconic species
One flowering plant endemic to our region is the Boronia keysii (Key’s Boronia), represented on the Noosa Council and Noosa Biosphere® logos. There are many vulnerable and iconic species that live in or visit the Noosa region:
- Grey-headed Flying Fox
- Glossy Black-Cockatoo
- Water Mouse
- Ground Parrot
- Coxen’s Fig Parrot
- Cooloola & Wallum Sedgefrog
- Cooloola Blind Snake
- Australian Lung Fish
- Three-toed Snake-tooth Skink
Who manages the Noosa Biosphere Reserve
Noosa Council is the governing authority of the Noosa Biosphere Reserve.
In 2015, Noosa Council established the Noosa Biosphere Reserve Foundation to progress the global aims of the UNSECO MAB Programme. Find out what we do to protect our place.